A: For both Lokommander Micro and Mini there are default settings under: Create New Loco> Decoder installed> Tehnologistic (Train-O-Matic). If you don’t see it, update to the latest version of JMRI.
If you have a 6 Pin decoder, turn the connector around. Or you have caused a short when fitting the decoder. Check CV 30 for an error report. Try resetting decoder: value 8 in CV 8.
11) How to set long addresses in 3 steps
Step 1 - You have to set the long address in CV17 and CV18 first. According to our tOm cvTool (a little helper), the long address of for example 1015 requires CV17 = 195 and CV18 = 247 (see image 1). The decoder will still react at this moment to its short address (3), since we have to configure it, that the long address will be used.
Step 2 - In CV29 (the main configuration CV), you will find the default value 14 (normal function mode enabled, DC and DCC mode enabled, and RailCom enabled) (see image 2). You have to set the so called bit 5, which will tell the decoder that his long address will be used. This can be done by writing the value 46 to CV29 (see image 003).
Step 3 - There is no step 3. At this moment, your decoder will react to all DCC commands transmitted to the long address 1015.
Your digital control station might be too old. It requires RailCom implementation on the control station side.
13) With the throttle fully open, train doesn’t drive at full speed, but only very slow.
By default, F3 is set to enable shunting mode, but it will also enable AUX3. So if you have for example interior lights connected to AUX3, then you will also enable shunting mode. You can change the F key for the shunting mode by allocating another F key in CV 114. 0 will disable the shunting key completely (no F key assigned).
14) Slow start and stop is not working, even though a higher value is set in CV3 and CV4.
Probably function key F4 is active. By default, F4 is set to disable acceleration and deceleration, but also to activate AUX4. You can change the F key for the acceleration/deceleration mode by allocating another F key in CV 115. 0 will disable it completely (no F key assigned).
15) The decoder can’t be programmed with the Bachmann EZ Command Station
The train-O-Matic decoders can be controlled, but not programmed with the Bachmann EZ (at least the older, first version. We have not test it with the later EZ command station).
Explanation: It seems that the Bachmann EZ is using a very ancient CV programming mode (Register mode), which is not anymore supported even by the standard. It is dating back to the beginning of DCC (click here to see a note about this). Our decoder, and others, are not supporting this CV programming. It is not required by the standard. Train-O-Matic decoders are not alone at this. Some other brand decoders will also not be programmable by the Bachmann EZ, but ESU decoders is an exception (latest version tested: v5).
16) Lights blink on one side / Lights flashing
It is obviously a short circuit condition. It is not necessarily a user error, can be caused by questionable connected capacitors, inductors (if it is an older analogue locomotive). Probably, if you test the decoder to another locomotive (which is already working), the decoder will work. You can check if there was a short by reading out CV30.
Check the connection between the decoder motor outputs (orange and grey). No other capacitors or inductors are allowed between the motor armatures, chassis, etc. It is common to have some of these in the old analogue locomotive. They should be removed. The tracks should be connected directly to the decoder red/black wires. No other capacitors or inductors are allowed. This is how a DCC connection should be made.
Try this if you still experience the issue: Reset the decoder (value 8 in CV8), and without changing the speed from 0 (so no driving command for the motor circuit is transmitted) power up the decoder (switch on the track). Without activating F0 the lights should be off. The decoder when it is powered on, first is checking all outputs for a possible short circuit. So if there is no short circuit, the lights should not flash. After that, you can switch on the lights, which should light up normally, without flashing. If it is flashing, you have to check for a short.
17) One single Lokommander decoder controlling two motors
Connecting two motors in parallel is not a good idea for any case. Except, when you power them simply in DC voltage. In the digital operation, the decoder is controlling the motors with pulses, and is measuring the back electromagnetic force (BEMF) to gather information about the rotation speed. In this way, with a close loop, it will have a control over the rotation of the motor. This is how the "load control" or "load compensation" works. Two motors will be never identical, the generated voltage (BEMF) will be different. They could kill reciprocally their voltages, or they can accentuate the measured voltage, which will give erroneous information to the decoder. So this is not a good practice, at all.
However, the solution will work, but the performance will be never as good, as in the case when you are controlling the two motors with separated decoders. But sometimes, in engines with two close to identical motors, some locomotive manufacturers are still using this solution. They simply connect the motors in parallel.
At least, you should place two separate motor filters, separately for each of the motors. This is not a missing feature of the decoders, it is against the operation principle of the motor control. Each motor should have its own controller.
As a final word, it is very important that the 2 motors should be identical type and they must be in good running condition. You should test them in DC first. If they are not running fine in DC, they will not either in DCC.
18) Connecting a so called “Stayalive” (this is not the superior SPP/Powerpack)
It is described and illustrated in the Lokommander II manual, chapter 19, page 42/43. The direct connection of a capacitor would be possible, however we do not recommend this simple/rude solution. It is more correct to use the diode + resistor circuit while you are connecting the external capacitors to the decoder.